PLANTIN, CHRISTOPHE°


PLANTIN, CHRISTOPHE°
PLANTIN, CHRISTOPHE° (c. 1520–1589), French humanist printer and publisher. Plantin, who was born near Tours, learned the book trade in Normandy and Paris. His Protestant sympathies led him in 1549 to the more congenial atmosphere of Antwerp in the Spanish Netherlands, where he devoted himself to fine printing from about 1555 onward. Plantin was, after daniel bomberg , the outstanding 16th-centuryx Christian printer of Hebrew books. By 1576 he operated 22 presses and was the leading printer-publisher of northern Europe. Following the "Spanish Fury" of 1576, he spent some years in France and Holland, eventually returning to Antwerp, where he died. Plantin's greatest publishing achievement was the eight volume "Antwerp Polyglot," Biblia Sacra hebraice, chaldaice, graece et latine… (1568–72), an improved and expanded version of the first Complutensian Bible (Alcalà de Henares, 1514–17). The undertaking received the Vatican's approval in 1568 owing to fears of a rival project by immanuel tremellius , a Jewish convert to Protestantism. The four volumes devoted to the Old Testament included revised texts of the Targums, and a Latin translation; the fifth covered the New Testament; and the last three volumes constituted the Apparatus Sacer, which included pioneering lexicons of Syriac and Aramaic. The introduction to the first volume, inspired by the prefaces to Daniel Bomberg's second Rabbinic Bible (1525), contains interesting Hebrew panegyrics by benito arias montano , Guy Le Fèvre de la Boderie , and Gilbert Génébrard (one of the Polyglot's obliging censors). From every aspect, the work was a masterpiece of Bible scholarship, typography, and illustration. Hebrew punches were either especially cut by Guillaume Le Bé or provided by the Bombergs. Of the 1,200 copies printed, 12 sets on vellum were prepared for Philip II of Spain, who made Plantin his Architypographer Royal, but never furnished the sum promised for naming the Bible in his honor. The "Antwerp Polyglot" was speedily denounced by Spanish obscurantists, who objected to its philological, rabbinic, and kabbalistic preoccupations, but it was cleared of suspicion in 1580. Plantin also printed Hebrew Bibles for export to Jewish communities in North Africa (1567) and may have issued the anonymous Hebrew prayer book which appeared in Antwerp c. 1577. His descendants maintained the press until 1875, when the Antwerp municipality transformed it into the present-day Plantin-Moretus Museum – a unique monument to Renaissance printing and publishing. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Clair, Christopher Plantin (Eng., 1960); M. Rooses, Christophe Plantin, imprimeur anversois (1882); idem, Correspondance de Christophe Plantin (1883–84); S.H. Steinberg, Five Hundred Years of Printing (1955), index; Gedenkboek der Plantin-Dagen 1555–1955 (1956); F. Secret, in: Sefarad, 18 (1958), 121–8; G.E. Silverman, in: JC (Jan. 8, 1960); B. Rekers, Benito Arias Montano 1527–1598… (1961); I.S. Revah, in: REJ, 2 (1963), 123–47. (Godfrey Edmond Silverman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Plantin, Christophe — • Book binder and publisher in Antwerp (1514 1589) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Plantin, Christophe — ▪ French printer born c. 1520, , Saint Avertin, France died July 1, 1589, Antwerp, Belg.       French printer, founder of an important printing house and publisher of the Antwerp Polyglot Bible.       Plantin learned bookbinding and bookselling… …   Universalium

  • Plantin, Christophe — (ca. 1520 1589)    Printer and publisher at Antwerp from 1555 to his death. He was born in France but about 1548 emigrated to Antwerp, where he worked as a bookbinder and in 1555 received a license to practice the printing trade. Although Plan… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Plantin, Christophe — ► (1520 89) Impresor y editor francés. Su obra maestra es la Biblia Regia o Poliglotta de Arias Montano …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • PLANTIN, CHRISTOPHE —    a printer of Antwerp, born near Tours, in France; celebrated for the beauty and accuracy of the work that issued from his press, the most notable being the Antwerp Polyglot ; he had printing establishments in Leyden and Paris, as well as… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Christophe Plantin — Portrait of Plantin by Rubens Born c. 1520 France Died 1 July 1589(1 …   Wikipedia

  • Christophe Plantin —     Christophe Plantin     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Christophe Plantin     Book binder and publisher of Antwerp, b. 1514, at or near Tours (France); d. 1 July, 1589, at Antwerp. The son of a servant, he learned the art of book binding and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PLANTIN (C.) — PLANTIN CHRISTOPHE (1520 env. 1589) Né à Saint Avertin, une bourgade près de Tours, Plantin, s’est fixé vers 1540 à Caen, où il apprend le métier d’imprimeur et de relieur chez Robert Macé; il y épouse Jeanne (de la) Rivière en 1545 ou 1546.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Plantin — (Christophe) (v. 1520 1589) imprimeur belge d origine française (né à Tours). Il s établit en 1549 à Anvers, où il mourut, et dirigea la publication de plus de 1 500 ouvrages, parmi lesquels la fameuse Biblia Regia ou Biblia Poliglotta (8 vol.,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle